Becoming an OpenSea NFT artist through training StyleGAN2 using Z by HP&NVIDIA equipment

Vision AI Research Development

As a Z by HP Global Data Science Ambassador, Chanran Kim's content is sponsored and he was provided with HP products.

Among contemporary artists, AI is being used to discover new creativity and originality and use it in their work. NVIDIA introduces artists and works delivered through <THE AI ART GALLERY>.

GTC Apr 2021: Digital AI Art Gallery
Artists and musicians are tapping into AI to uncover unexpected creativity and originality in their work. They use AI…www.nvidia.com

In particular, sales of works using NFT are becoming an issue these days. Wouldn’t it be a great experience to create works using AI and even sell works using NFT? In this post, I’m going to cover both. I would like to look at the process of creating art using StyleGAN2 and posting and selling works through OpenSea’s NFT art market.

It takes powerful equipment to train a model that produces high-resolution images such as 1024. Z4 by HP & NVIDIA proves its performance.

2. Brief description of NFT and OpenSea

NFT stands for’non-fungible token’ and is translated as’non-fungible token’ or’non-fungible token’.

Each of the fugible tokens has the same value and function. They can be exchanged with each other, and when 1:1 exchange of the same unit occurs, it is virtually no different from that. These include fiat currencies, common cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether, precious metals, and bonds.

On the other hand, non-fungible tokens each have their own uniqueness. Since the issuer, flight, and seat location are all specified, it is similar to a ticket in which the same product cannot exist at all. NFT is guaranteed uniqueness by permanently leaving encrypted transaction details on the blockchain. It differs from the traditional method in which uniqueness is guaranteed by obtaining random certification from a specific individual or institution. It attracted attention that it is a technology that can be used to issue “unique ownership” even for “digital files” that can be copied by anyone.

At Christie’s New York auction on the 11th (local time), Mike Winkelmann’s JPEG work’Everydays: the First 5000 Days’, called’Beeple’, was worth 69.3 million dollars ( It was a successful bid for about KRW 78.5 billion).
Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey’s first tweet hit an auction of $2.5 million (about KRW 2.7 billion).

MIT Technology Review (Article in Korean only)

OpenSea is the first decentralized, peer-to-peer marketplace for blockchain-based assets, which include crypto collectibles, gaming items, and other assets backed by a blockchain. The OpenSea team has backgrounds from Stanford, Palantir, and Google, and is funded by YCombinator, Founders Fund, Coinbase Ventures, 1Confirmation, and Blockchain Capital. OpenSea is currently the largest general marketplace for user-owned digital items, with the broadest set of categories (90 and growing), the most items (over 1 million), and the best prices for new categories of items. Since they launched their beta back in December, the site has had over 18,000 ETH pass through their market.

OpenSea: Buy Crypto Collectibles, CryptoKitties, Decentraland, and more on Ethereum
Empowering developers and designers with easy-to-use, powerful tools Create your own marketplace Build a beautiful…opensea.io

3. StyleGAN2
The artificial intelligence generative model learns to create an image through a latent vector. Among them, style transfer is a method that can apply manipulations such as transforming an existing image into a new style or transforming it through adjustment in a latent vector. StyleGAN2 is the latest technique and shows quite good performance.

Abstract: The style-based GAN architecture (StyleGAN) yields state-of-the-art results in data-driven unconditional generative image modeling. We expose and analyze several of its characteristic artifacts, and propose changes in both model architecture and training methods to address them. In particular, we redesign generator normalization, revisit progressive growing, and regularize the generator to encourage good conditioning in the mapping from latent vectors to images. In addition to improving image quality, this path length regularizer yields the additional benefit that the generator becomes significantly easier to invert. This makes it possible to reliably detect if an image is generated by a particular network. We furthermore visualize how well the generator utilizes its output resolution, and identify a capacity problem, motivating us to train larger models for additional quality improvements. Overall, our improved model redefines the state of the art in unconditional image modeling, both in terms of existing distribution quality metrics as well as perceived image quality.

Analyzing and Improving the Image Quality of StyleGAN Tero Karras, Samuli Laine, Miika Aittala, Janne Hellsten, Jaakko…github.com

● Both Linux and Windows are supported. Linux is recommended for performance and compatibility reasons.
● 64-bit Python 3.6 installation. We recommend Anaconda3 with numpy 1.14.3 or newer.
● We recommend TensorFlow 1.14, which we used for all experiments in the paper, but TensorFlow 1.15 is also supported on Linux. TensorFlow 2.x is not supported.
● On Windows you need to use TensorFlow 1.14, as the standard 1.15 installation does not include necessary C++ headers.
● One or more high-end NVIDIA GPUs, NVIDIA drivers, CUDA 10.0 toolkit and cuDNN 7.5. To reproduce the results reported in the paper, you need an NVIDIA GPU with at least 16 GB of DRAM.
● Docker users: use the provided Dockerfile to build an image with the required library dependencies.

I want to use ada, a slightly more advanced form of stylegan2. Because data augmentation is used, learning is effective for relatively small datasets. Download the code using the following git clone command.

git clone https://github.com/NVlabs/stylegan2-ada-pytorch

Assume that the folder where the images to be learned are collected is ‘images’. Collecting at least a few thousand copies is good for training.

We create a dataset with a size of 256, which has proven to be well trained. It can be up to 1024, but you can’t expect overwhelming performance other than aligned faces. In addition, since various tasks such as parameter adjustment may be required, it is advisable to try it after understanding StyleGAN2.

python dataset_tool.py --source=./images --dest=./data/stylegan2-dataset.zip --width=256 --height=256

The command to perform learning using the created dataset is as follows.

python train.py --outdir=runs --data=./data/stylegan2-dataset.zip --gpus=1 --aug=ada --target=0.7

With the device of Z4 by HP & NVIDIA, it can be seen that the batch_size can be used more than the default for 2 GPUs. This enables faster and more stable learning.

Initially, it creates an unknown image in the same state as init. Some people may think that this is beautiful in itself.

After learning about 1400 times, you can see that a style of style appears to some extent as follows. It even draws a frame. Some things are still incomplete, so additional learning may be required. These images can be created directly from latent vector, and style can be changed through any input image.

Using the trained model, you can create it with the following command. Seed refers to a random value, and various types can be generated through such a value.

python generate.py --outdir=out --trunc=1 --seeds=85,265,297,849 --network=./runs/00000-stylegan2-dataset-auto2/network-snapshot-001400.pkl

The value of ‘0000’ in ‘00000-stylegan2-dataset-auto2’ increases according to the number of times you try to learn. The value of ‘001400’ in’network-snapshot-001400.pkl’ increases according to the learned amount. Note that if you do not enter the file path that suits you, an error will occur.

4. OpenSea
MetaMask is required to sign up and log in to OpenSea. All transactions are made through the corresponding Ethereum wallet. If you don’t have it, you have to make it.

An Ethereum Wallet in your Browserchrome.google.com

Then go into opensea and press the create button. This will help you log in with metamask.

OpenSea: Buy Crypto Collectibles, CryptoKitties, Decentraland, and more on Ethereum
Empowering developers and designers with easy-to-use, powerful tools Create your own marketplace Build a beautiful…opensea.io

You can create my collection in create> my collection, add new time in the collection, and upload the genreerate image above, and the artwork will be released through opensea through the image created by the AI you learned. Of course, rather than using the naively created one as it is, it is better if there is an additional touch that can express your identity here.

5. Conclusion
Through the above experiment, it was shown that a large amount of generated image requires a lot of memory. You need powerful equipment for fast and stable learning, and the Z4 is very effective.

You can check my OpenSea collection in detail through the following link.

The world seen by AI Marketplace on OpenSea: Buy, sell, and explore digital assets
These are images created through deep learning. I wanted this child (AI) to learn the noises of the digital world…opensea.io

I hope you will also start creating artwork using AI, and will be interested in entering the art market using NFT through OpenSea.